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Photography Tips by Cali Part 2: Aperture

Cali from Cali Stoddard Photography is back today with tips about Aperture.  Make sure to read Part 1 on Exposure HERE!



In order to get a good exposure with your camera, you need to learn to control 3 things. Aperture, Shutter speed, and ISO.

Today I’m going to explain Aperture.


aperture Aperture is one of my favorite parts of photography. Everyone always wants to know how to get that “blurry” background when taking a portrait, and this is the key!  Aperture is a circular device in the camera that determines how much light is let in. It is measured and referred to by “f-stops”.  The semi-confusing part is that the smaller the number, the bigger the opening.   A little backwards right?  The lower the number, the more blur you get (shallow depth of field) in the background.  Here’s a chart that shows different apertures.

camera-apertureImage found HERE

Here are some examples of how different f-stops change your depth of field.

2.8f/ 2.8 means the circular opening is WIDE OPEN letting in the most amount of light possible. Just like your pupils, when they are all the way dilated they can’t focus too clearly… and the same is true for your camera.  Using a wide open aperture is perfect for adding emphasis on a person’s face, or when you only want one part in focus.


You can tell that we still get a shallow depth of field with f/ 4, but the other tubes of chapstick are coming more into focus.

5.6 f10 f22

f/22 is the smallest opening that most lenses go. f/22 is perfect for scenery shots where you want everything in focus, the mountains, the field and the cows in the field. f32f/32 is an even smaller setting some cameras allow you to do. This lets in the least amount of light, and allows the camera to focus on everything in the picture.

So, let’s recap.

f/ 2.8 (big opening, lots of light) would be perfect for a portrait of one person focusing on their eyes.

f/ 5.6 (medium opening, less light) is great for a small family portrait. It allows you to get most everyone in focus.

f/ 22 (small opening, least light) is awesome for large group shots and scenery shots where you want everything in focus.

*To practice Aperture, you can put your camera on the “A” mode. That allows you to choose your aperture, and the camera will choose the shutter speed for you. *

Practice, practice, practice!

(it helps to practice on things that don’t move… kids can be hard. Practice with tubes of chapstick if you need to!)


Photography Tips by Cali: Exposure Part 1

Welcome to Lesson 1 of Cali’s photography tips.  Cali has always loved photography, so I’m so excited for her to start sharing all of her knowledge with us.  For all of you with questions about photography, feel free to ask questions in the comments.



Learning to use your DSLR camera can be a headache and the manual is sometimes hard to understand, so I’m going to do a quick 4 part series on Exposure, Aperture, Shutter Speed, and ISO to quickly cover the basics of what you need to know to help your camera take great pictures.

First thing’s first.  EXPOSURE.  Exposure is made up of three things as you see below: Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO


 What is exposure, anyway?  When people talk about exposure they are talking about how light or dark a photo is. I’ll show you in pictures….

underexposed overexposedgoodexposure

So basically, underexposed and overexposed are fancy ways of saying too dark and too bright. 🙂

Make sense?   Next photography tip — how we control exposure, starting with aperture!


You can see more of Cali’s work at  Be sure to check out her iPhone section.  She takes amazing pictures on her phone!


81 Picture Year End Collage

In 2010, I postedTHIS  post showing my 2010 year end collage and the source for the free template..  but it’s been brought to my attention that the link is broken now! bummer!  So, I decided that I would make an 81 Picture Year End Collage template myself, and share it with you guys. 🙂  I love making this every year, so that we can see a year in a glance. So fun!

Get your free template HERE!
The file is 12×12